Careers in Psychology

Careers in Psychology

Psychology is the business of life. Not only does this field provide amazing opportunities for students, but it also prepares them for life ahead. Recently, with the ongoing pandemic, issues like depression and mental health that were initially considered as subjects of taboo and shame are being brought to light and thus the stigma around psychology is slowly being uplifted. More and more people are being drawn towards this field of study, either with the motive of understanding themselves and others or helping others in need. Needless to say, this career is gaining importance and value and has a lot of scope in the coming time. Psychologists are needed everywhere, be it in hospitals and clinics or even in schools and NGOs. A psychology student thus has a plethora of options to choose from. Some of the popular career options in this subject are enlisted below.


Psychiatry is a branch of medicine that deals with the study, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental disorders. Psychiatrists are different from psychologists as they use medical knowledge to cure mental illnesses, and are thus certified, doctors. This profession requires a lot of investment of both time and money in addition to strong willpower and unshakeable commitment. Aspiring psychiatrists need a medical degree after completing their Bachelor’s and require job training; the whole process takes up to 12 years.

2) Clinical Psychology

Clinical psychology is the field of psychology that deals with the assessment and treatment of complex mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders. Clinical psychologists focus on individuals with serious mental health issues and help them in realizing their own strengths and weaknesses. In order to be a clinical psychologist, one must have a BA in psychology and further a doctorate. Keep in mind that a clinical psychologist is not the same as a psychiatrist. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor whereas a clinical psychologist merely has a doctorate in the field of clinical psychology. This study also takes 12 years to complete.

3) Social Work

For this career, one needs to have a degree in social work which may take up to 4-6 years to attain. Social workers are those people who provide support and help to the children, elderly, families in need of assistance, disabled people, and traumatized victims, to name a few. They safeguard these vulnerable groups and help them in coping with their problems. Social workers include child welfare workers, school social workers, probation officers, and even workers providing their services in rehabs and hospitals. Those with the heart to engage in this career need to be empathetic, understanding, and great listeners in order to perform their jobs efficiently.

4) Educational Psychology

Educational psychology is a highly complex branch of the discipline that requires immense focus. Educational psychologists aim to foster the development of people in educational settings by suggesting ways of enhancing learning and providing support to students suffering from emotional issues related to their studies or life in general. They even work with children having learning disabilities like dyslexia and dyspraxia. You would require a Bachelor’s degree in psychology and then a Master’s degree in educational psychology in order to go for this career.

5) Research Roles

Research psychologists are concerned with conducting research regarding behavior and underlying physiological and cognitive processes. These people are generally hired by universities, public and/or private organizations, and research agencies to gather information by means of case studies, surveys, experiments, observational analysis, and other assessment methods. The qualifications needed to become a research psychologist are the same as any other regular psychologist but both the jobs are different.

6) Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy deals with the use of psychological methods to help people get rid of unwanted behavior rs and habits, overcome day-to-day obstacles and learn to live a better lifestyle. They perform therapy sessions in structured and controlled settings and help the clients face their inner conflicts arising from the unconscious. Some famous methods include Hypno-psychotherapy and couples psychotherapy. Psychotherapists should be able to express their thoughts well and should be sensitive and understanding. Since a psychotherapist is basically a psychologist who’s received training in psychotherapy, Bachelor’s in psychology, and then a Master’s in Psychotherapy is required for the same.

7) Engineering Psychology/Ergonomics

Engineering psychologists use their knowledge to solve real-world problems; they utilize psychological principles to improve human lives by minimizing the risks of accidents in offices and other workplaces. Though a new field, this career is quite rewarding and challenging. As more firms and companies are beginning to realize the importance of an engineering psychologist, this area of psychology is sure to expand in the future. Those interested should do Bachelor’s in psychology and can further go for master in biomechanics.

8) Other less typical careers

•Media and advertising- Requires inter-relational skills, reasoning, and an insightful mind.
•Human resources and communication- Includes employer satisfaction, public relations(PR), job training, etc.
•Business and management- Handling both data and people in a professional manner, business consultancy, sales, market, advising, etc.